Genome Annotation

Genome annotation is a multi-level process that includes prediction of protein-coding genes, as well as other functional genome units such as structural RNAs, tRNAs, small RNAs, pseudogenes, control regions, direct and inverted repeats, insertion sequences, transposons and other mobile elements.

You can view the tutorial materials in different languages by clicking the dropdown icon next to the slides (slides) and tutorial (tutorial) buttons below.


Before diving into this topic, we recommend you to have a look at:



Start here if you are new to genome annotation in Galaxy.

Lesson Slides Hands-on Recordings Input dataset Workflows
Introduction to Genome Annotation


Annotation of prokaryotic genomes.

Lesson Slides Hands-on Recordings Input dataset Workflows
Bacterial Genome Annotation
Genome annotation with Prokka
Identification of AMR genes in an assembled bacterial genome
Refining Genome Annotations with Apollo (prokaryotes)
Essential genes detection with Transposon insertion sequencing


Annotation of eukaryotic genomes.

Lesson Slides Hands-on Recordings Input dataset Workflows
Masking repeats with RepeatMasker
Genome annotation with Funannotate
Genome annotation with Maker (short)
Genome annotation with Maker
Functional annotation of protein sequences
Refining Genome Annotations with Apollo (eukaryotes)
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) annotation with FEELnc
CRISPR screen analysis


Assorted Tutorials

Lesson Slides Hands-on Recordings Input dataset Workflows
From small to large-scale genome comparison
Comparative gene analysis in unannotated genomes

Galaxy instances

You can use a public Galaxy instance which has been tested for the availability of the used tools. They are listed along with the tutorials above.

You can also use the following Docker image for these tutorials:

docker run -p 8080:80

NOTE: Use the -d flag at the end of the command if you want to automatically download all the data-libraries into the container.

It will launch a flavored Galaxy instance available on http://localhost:8080. This instance will contain all the tools and workflows to follow the tutorials in this topic. Login as admin with password password to access everything.

Frequently Asked Questions

Common questions regarding this topic have been collected on a dedicated FAQ page . Common questions related to specific tutorials can be accessed from the tutorials themselves.

Editorial Board

This material is reviewed by our Editorial Board:

orcid logoHelena Rasche avatar Helena Rascheorcid logoSimon Gladman avatar Simon Gladmanorcid logoAnthony Bretaudeau avatar Anthony Bretaudeau

For any question related to this topic and the content, you can contact them or visit our Gitter channel.


This material was contributed to by:

orcid logoBjörn Grüning avatar Björn Grüningorcid logoPaul Zierep avatar Paul ZierepTorsten Seemann avatar Torsten SeemannBazante Sanders avatar Bazante Sandersorcid logoAlexandre Cormier avatar Alexandre CormierAnton Nekrutenko avatar Anton NekrutenkoNathan Dunn avatar Nathan DunnEsteban Perez-Wohlfeil avatar Esteban Perez-Wohlfeilorcid logoAnna Syme avatar Anna Symeorcid logoMaria Doyle avatar Maria Doyleorcid logoSimon Gladman avatar Simon GladmanAvans Hogeschool avatar Avans HogeschoolTwishi Gulati avatar Twishi Gulatiorcid logoHelena Rasche avatar Helena Rascheorcid logoMiaomiao Zhou avatar Miaomiao Zhouorcid logoErwan Corre avatar Erwan Correorcid logoMateo Boudet avatar Mateo Boudetorcid logoDelphine Lariviere avatar Delphine Lariviereorcid logoStéphanie Robin avatar Stéphanie Robinorcid logoJonathan Kreplak avatar Jonathan Kreplakorcid logoLaura Leroi avatar Laura Leroiorcid logoBérénice Batut avatar Bérénice Batutorcid logoAnthony Bretaudeau avatar Anthony Bretaudeauorcid logoAnika Erxleben avatar Anika ErxlebenKenji Fujihara avatar Kenji Fujiharaorcid logoSaskia Hiltemann avatar Saskia Hiltemann


This material was funded by:

ABRomics avatar ABRomicsGallantries: Bridging Training Communities in Life Science, Environment and Health avatar GallantriesEuroScienceGateway avatar EuroScienceGateway